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UK PAYE Tax Rates and Allowances 2019/20

This page contains all of the personal income tax changes which were announced at the October 29th, 2018 Budget. These rates come into effect at the start of the new tax year, on April 6th 2019.

Personal PAYE Allowances

Allowance2017/182018/192019/20Change
Basic £11,500 £11,850 £12,500 + £650
People born between 6th April 1938 - 5th April 1948 £11,500 £11,850 £12,500 + £650
People born before 6th April 1938 £11,500 £11,850 £12,500 + £650
Married Couples Allowance ( if born before 6th April 1935) £8,445 £8,695   + £250
Blind Person's Allowance £2,320 £2,390   + £70
Marriage Allowance* £1,150 £1,190   + £40

From 2016-17 onward, all individuals will be entitled to the same personal allowance, regardless of the individuals’ date of birth. This allowance is subject to the £100,000 income limit which applies regardless of the individual’s date of birth. The individual’s personal allowance is reduced where their income is above this limit. The allowance is reduced by £1 for every £2 above the limit

The Age Related Income Limit for 2017/18 is £28,900. if you are over 65 years and your earnings are above £28,900 -  your Personal Allowance will be reduced by £1 for every £2 you earn over that £28,900 limit.

Tax Brackets

Tax Rate2017/182018/192019/20Change
Basic rate 20% TFA - £33,500 TFA - £34,500 TFA - £37,500 widened by £3,000
Higher Rate 40% £33,501 - £150,000 £34,501 - £150,000 £37,501 - £150,000 cut by £3,000
Additional Rate 45% £150,001+ £150,001+   no change
NOTES:
TFA: Tax Free Allowance amount - you only start paying the basic rate of tax once your earnings go above your tax free allowance.
These rates are applied after your tax free allowance has been deducted from your gross wage.

The widening of the Basic Rate tax bracket and the increase in the Basic Personal Allowance means you can earn more this coming tax year before crossing into the 40% tax bracket. If you take the new Basic Tax Rate threshold of £37,500 and add it it the new Basic Personal Allowance of £12,500, we see that for 2019/20 you can earn £50,000 before you cross into the 40% tax rate.

Change in take home pay after tax and NI

Gross WageNet Pay 2017/18Net Pay 2018/19Net Pay 2019/20Difference
£10,000 £9,780 £9,811   +
£20,000 £16,880 £16,983   +
£30,000 £23,680 £23,783   +
£40,000 £30,480 £30,583   +
£50,000 £36,776 £37,019   +
£75,000 £51,276 £51,519   +
£100,000 £65,776 £66,019   +
£125,000 £75,676 £75,776   +
£150,000 £90,176 £90,276   +

Source listentotaxman.com®

National Insurance

There have been no changes to the percentage of National Insurance Class 1 contributions, they remain at 12% for employees, and 2% above the upper earnings limit. Employers Class 1 have remained the same at 13.8%. The limits and thresholds have changed, as illustrated in the table below.

National Insurance Bands

Description2017/182018/192019/20 Change
Weekly Lower earnings limit, primary Class 1 £113 £116  £118 + 2
Weekly Upper earnings limit, primary Class 1 £866 £892  £962 + 70
Weekly Primary threshold £157 £162  £166 + 4
Weekly Secondary threshold £157 £162  £166 + 4
Weekly Upper Secondary Threshold for U21s £866 £892  £962 + 70
Apprentice Upper Secondary Threshold for U25s £866 £892  £962 + 70
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This article was published in our Tax Rates & Tables section on 02/11/2018.

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